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Eurovision 2018: EBU changes the calculation of jury voting

The method for ranking the individual jury member's votes will be changed for Eurovision Song Contest 2018

Since the first Eurovision Song Contest was held in 1956 the voting system has been continuously changed.

It appears that EBU never gets completely satisfied with the voting system. Again, it is time to change it. A smaller change this time though.

This time is about how the jury results are calculated. And now it gets a bit technical:

2013 – 2017:

  • Since 2013 each participating country has a jury with five members.
  • Each of the five jury members rank the songs from 1 (best) to 26 (worst).
  • The combined ranking from a country's jury was a simple average of all the five member's rankings, where all the members rankings had equal weight.

2018:

  • Each country still has a jury with five members
  • Each of the five jury members still rank the songs from 1 (best) to 26 (worst).
  • The combined ranking from a country's jury is now calculated based on an "exponential weight model". The better a jury member ranks a song, the more weight it will have in the jury's combined ranking. In other words: The lower a juror ranks a song, the smaller the impact of that ranking on the overall result, while the higher a juror ranks a song, the more impact that ranking will have.
Example:

If four jurors rank a song best, while the fifth juror ranks that same song worst, that could prevent that song from receiving 12 points from the respective national jury.

With this change, the value of the group of jurors gets priority over the opinion of a single individual juror.

Each country's jury will still award their top-10 songs points from the 12-scale: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,10,12 points.

The jury members from the 43 countries in this year's Eurovision Song Contest will be revealed on Monday 30 April at 12:00 CEST.


Voting systems in Eurovision history

1956

1 to 10
Jury voting. Each participating country had 2 jury members, and each jury member awarded between 1 and 10 points point to each song. The voting has never been made public.
 

1957 - 1961

1 to 10
Jury voting. Each participating country had 10 jury members, and each jury member awarded one point to one song.
 

1962

123
Jury voting. Each participating country had 10 jury members. Each jury awarded 1, 2 and 3 points.
 

1963

12345
Jury voting. Each participating country had 20 jury members. Each jury awarded 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 points.
 

1964 - 1966

135
Jury voting. Each participating country had 10 jury members. Each jury awarded 1, 3 and 5 points.
 

1967 - 1970

1 to 10
Jury voting. Each participating country had 10 jury members, and each jury member awarded one point to one song.
 

1971 - 1973

2 to 10
Jury voting. Each country had two jury members (placed in the backstage area of the theatre, watching the show on TV), and each jury member awarded 1 to 5 points for each song.
 

1974

1 to 10
Jury voting. Each participating country had 10 jury members, and each jury member awarded one point to one song.
 

1975 - 2015

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1975 - 1996

Jury voting. Each participating country had at least 11 jury members (later rising to 16). Each jury awarded 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,10,12 points.

1997

Like previous years, except 5 countries used televoting (Austria, Germany, Sweden, Switzerland and UK).

1998 - 2000

Televoting. Each participating country should use televoting.

2001 - 2002

Televoting or 50/50 tele/jury. Each participating country had the choice between 100% televoting or 50% televoting and 50% jury voting.

2003 - 2008

Televoting. Each participating country should use televoting.

2009 - 2012

50/50 tele/jury. Each participating country used 50% televoting combined with 50% jury voting from a five-member jury. The televoting were calculated to 1-8, 10 and 12 points, and the jury voting were calculated to 1-8, 10 and 12 points. The tele and jury points were then combined, and the top-ten songs were awarded with 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,10,12 points from each country.

2013 - 2015

50/50 tele/jury. Each participating country used 50% televoting combined with 50% jury voting from a five-member jury. The televoting and jury voting ranked all the countries (not just the top 10). The tele and jury points were combined, and the top-ten songs were awarded with 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,10,12 points from each country.

2016 - 2022

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2016 - 2017

Jury and televoting. Each five-member jury ranked the songs and the top-ten songs (linear method) got 1-8, 10 and 12 points. The televoters from each country ranked the songs and the top-ten songs got 1-8, 10 and 12 points.

2018 - 2022

Same as previous two years except the jury member's individual rankings were combined using the "exponential method" (higher weights to higher ranked songs).

2023

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Semi-finals

Viewers from each of the participating countries can vote in their respective semi-final. Viewers in non-participating countries can vote online in both semi-finals and will have same weight as one country. Each country and "rest of the world" will give 1-8, 10 and 12 points

Final

Viewers from each of the participating countries along with online voting from "Rest of the world" (same weight as one country) will each give 1-8, 10 and 12 points. Each five-member jury will rank the songs and the top-ten songs (exponential method) get 1-8, 10 and 12 points.

Tie between two or more songs

1956 - 1969:

If two or more songs gained the same points, they would share the position. In 1969 there were four winners!

1970 - 1988:

If two or more songs shared the first place with the same points, each of these songs should be performed again, and a second voting would take place, where each jury should vote for one of the final songs. If two or more songs tie but not for first place, they would share the position.

1989 - 2007:

If two or more songs shared the first place with the same points (as it happened in 1991), the best of these songs was the song which received the highest number of 12-point scores, then the highest number of 10-point scores, 8-points scores, etc. If still tied, both countries would be declared joint winners. If two or more songs tie but not for first place, they would share the position.

2008 - 2015:

If two or more songs gained the same points, the best of these songs was the song which:

  1. Has obtained points from the highest number of countries
  2. Received the highest number of 12-point scores, then the highest number of 10-point scores, 8-points scores, etc.
  3. The song which was earlier in the running order

2016 - 2019:

If two or more songs gained the same points, the best of these songs was the song which:

  1. Has received the most points from all the Televoters combined
  2. Has obtained points from the highest number of countries (televoting)
  3. Received the highest number of 12-point scores, then the highest number of 10-point scores, 8-points scores, etc. (televoting)
  4. The song which was earlier in the running order

2021 - 2022:

If two or more songs gained the same points, the best of these songs was the song which:

  1. Has received the most points from all the Televoters combined
  2. Has obtained points from the highest number of countries (combined televoting and jury)
  3. Received the highest number of 12-point scores, then the highest number of 10-point scores, 8-points scores, etc. (combined televoting and jury)
  4. The song which was earlier in the running order

Presentation of the voting and points

1956:

The scores of the voting have never been made public, leaving room for lots of speculation. Attempts to reconstruct the voting by interviewing jury members over the following five decades did not lead to any reliable outcome.

1957 - 2005:

Each country presented all their votes orally.

2006 - 2015:

The points were presented individually from each country (1-7 shown on screen. 8, 10 and 12 orally).

2016 - 2022:

First the jury points were presented individually from each country (1-10 shown on screen. 12 orally). After that the results of all the televoting from all the countries were bundled and given combined.

50/50 Tele/jury ranking

2009 - 2015:

If there was a tie between two or more songs in a country, when the combined calculation between televotes and jury votes, the song which obtained the most votes from the televotes would be ranked highest.

Televoting or jury failure

2004 - 2008:

If a televoting failure occured in the country or if a country wasn't big enough to provide a valid televoting result, a backup eight-member jury was used instead by the country.

2009 - 2015:

If a televoting failure occured in the country, if a country wasn't big enough to provide a valid televoting result, or if the country's televoting result wasn't approved, only a jury was used by that country. If a jury failure occured in the country or if the country's jury result wasn't approved, only televoting was used by that country.

2016 - 2022:

If a country wasn't big enough or if a country couldn't deliver a valid televoting result, the televotes would be made up by a "substitute result" calculated by a pre-selected group of countries. If a jury failure occured in the country or if the country's jury result wasn't approved, a "substitute result" calculated by a pre-selected group of countries was used instead, as it happened to six countries in 2022.

2023:

If a country isn't big enough or if a country can't deliver a valid televoting result, the country's jury votes will be used instead of televoting. In the final, if a jury failure occures in the country or if the country's jury result isn't approved, the points awarded from the televoting in that country will be doubled and used as a substitute. If there is neither a valid televote or jury vote in a country, a "substitute result" calculated by a pre-selected group of countries will be used instead.




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